The Mysterious Origin of the Jade Discs

Video Transcript March Ed note: Some transcripts contain words or phrases that are inaudible or difficult to hear and are, therefore, designated in square brackets. It’s the 20th of February, , and it’s my great privilege to be meeting again with Klaus Dona. Klaus is going to be doing an audio commentary on one of his extremely special, unusual, and fascinating slide shows about the artifacts and the various phenomena that he has been researching, discovering, investigating personally all over the world relating to what I think you could legitimately call The Hidden History of the Human Race. Would you say that that’s a good summary, Klaus? That’s a very good summary, yes. Klaus is going to take you through his own journey… you can accompany him on his own journey through his own discoveries. And take it away, Klaus.

Pre-Columbian civilizations

Jack Cuozzo click to enlarge. It was taken by the author in Bernifal Cave, one of the caverns in France that is renowned for Neanderthal art. Mammoth drawings are not unusual in such cave art, but the depiction of an apparent theropod dinosaur is remarkable. In BC, under the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar, a Babylonian artist was commissioned to shape reliefs of animals on the structures associated with the Ishtar Gate. Many centuries later German archaeologist Robert Koldewey stumbled upon the blue-glazed brick and that gate was rediscovered in The animals appear in alternating rows with lions, fierce bulls rimi or reems in Chaldean , and curious long-necked dragons sirrush.

Of the many renowned Chinese seals, none is more famous than the Heirloom Seal of the Realm. This artifact was carved out of the He Shi Bi jade – a stone which one man lost his feet for.

Dealer in Asian Art in Paris. Specializing in art from the Himalayas and Southeast Asia. January 18, 6 items Noah’s Ark: Germany 3 item gallery While living in India Michael Beste became fascinated by the arts and traditions of the country and its peoples. On his return to Germany in the mid ‘s, he set up Noah’s Ark – a gallery which reflects his love and respect for the wealth and diversity of India’s culture through the ages.

January 15, 3 items Susan Ollemans: United Kingdom 6 item gallery Susan Ollemans started her business in and has traded in Oriental Works of Art ever since. January 09, 6 items Wei Asian Arts: Since the gallery is managed by Howard Wei. He specialize in antique Asian ceramics, sculpture and works of arts with a special attention for Buddhist sculpture and scholar objects.

December 15, 7 items Rupert Smith Textiles: Kathmandu, Nepal 3 item gallery Rupert Smith Textiles has a rare collection of early Tibetan carpets as well as Khotan and Ningxia rugs. December 04, 3 items Famarte: Belgium 3 item gallery After having finished her asian art studies at SOAS University London Farah Massart opened her gallery in Knokke Belgium in and she sells to private collectors throughout the world.

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See Article History Pre-Columbian civilizations, the aboriginal American Indian cultures that evolved in Mesoamerica part of Mexico and Central America and the Andean region western South America prior to Spanish exploration and conquest in the 16th century. The pre-Columbian civilizations were extraordinary developments in human society and culture , ranking with the early civilizations of Egypt , Mesopotamia , and China.

Like the ancient civilizations of the Old World, those in the New World were characterized by kingdoms and empires, great monuments and cities, and refinements in the arts, metallurgy, and writing; the ancient civilizations of the Americas also display in their histories similar cyclical patterns of growth and decline, unity and disunity. In the New World the roots of civilization lay in a native agricultural way of life. These agricultural beginnings go back several millennia, to perhaps about bce and the first experimentations by the early Americans with plant cultivation.

The domestication of successful food plants proved to be a long, slow process, and it was not until much later that a condition of permanent village farming life was achieved in the tropical latitudes of the two continents.

The Olmec culture was first defined as an art style, and this continues to be the hallmark of the culture. Wrought in a large number of media – jade, clay, basalt, and greenstone among others – much Olmec art, such as The Wrestler, is art expresses fantastic anthropomorphic creatures, often highly stylized, using an iconography reflective of a religious meaning.

History of Art Timeline. How Eastern Art Compares to Western Art The Eastern nations from Persia to China developed civilizations distinguished by ancient art suffused with the qualities of the spirit. The Greek way was to reject the unknowable, to distrust what could not be identified by the brain, and instead to advance by intellectualization, to fix in artworks the naturally beautiful, the rational, the deduced ideal.

Thus Greek art rises out of sensitive observation, and results in clear, realistic representations – or, in architecture, in logical, functional structure, sparsely ornamented. The Oriental way – as exemplified by Chinese art – is to discount the observed natural phenomenon, to seek the essence of life in intuitively apprehended values, in spiritual intimations, and in the abstract elements of colour and creative formal organization.

Eastern art, less obviously humanistic, natural, and intellectual, feeds the spirit. Its glories are achieved in the realms of the near-abstract, the contemplatively mystical, and the richly sensuous. Possibly the best in Western art has arisen when waves of influence have surged in from the East. Just as the most profound of Europe’s religions came from Asia, so Europe’s visual art has been richest and most warming and satisfying when the rather bare classicism and intellectualism of the West have been enriched by the mysticism, the colour in the widest sense , and the refined aesthetics borne in by invaders from the Middle and Far East.

There can be no doubt that today the West is disillusioned over the art of its post-Renaissance period, and is at last aware that the Greek achievement, for all its perfection of forms, was limited to a narrow segment of the field open to the artist; that the larger body of profound and masterly art belongs to China and Persia, and, in only a slightly lesser degree, to India, Indonesia, and Japan.

The Hindu philosopher, in an effort to express the inexpressible, offers a figure which is helpful to the Western observer dismayed by the surface strangeness of Oriental art.

Ancient Dinosaur Depictions

The artifacts shown on this site are unsalable, they serve only for orientation to purchase similar artifacts. All artifacts shown, are taken from the private collection of Ernst-Dieter Henze. General – Chinese Chronology In almost all cultures on our earth meets us in the ornaments and the religious associated fields – from prehistoric times until presence – the fascination of the circle, the disk and the ring.

About the Jade itself:

In ancient China, dating back to at least 5, BC, large stone discs were placed on the bodies of Chinese aristocrats. Their original function still eludes scientists, as does the way in which they were made, considering they were carved out of Jade, an extremely hard rock.

Maori Society Maori social organisation The iwi tribe was the largest political unit within Classic Maori society, although an affinity with other tribes which shared descent from the same canoe frequently gave rise to military allegiances. However, the main unit was not the iwi but the hapu sub-tribe , a highly localised group of perhaps people of common descent made up of several inter-related whanau extended family groups bound together by a common ancestor who might have lived perhaps 10 generations earlier.

The hapu was a fully autonomous and independent grouping, a self-sufficient economic unit which cultivated its own land and caught fish and snared birds from within its own boundaries. A village settlement might have comprised a single or perhaps several hapu. An ariki chief was the leader of a hapu and attained his rank from the common belief that vested in him was the mana prestige of his predecessors. If he were not an effective political leader he might retain his religious role while vesting political leadership in a more suitable relative.

Whenever an important decision affecting the hapu was to be made, a public meeting would be held on the marae square in front of the whare runanga meeting house. The various kaumatua family leaders might all speak, but the ariki spoke first and last, and his decision, which would reflect the opinions expressed, was final.

Neolithic signs in China

Crickets are known for their combating spirit and courage. They are used in a game; caught and confronted with each other to fight though the game seldom ended tragically by a loss of life or limb. They are the symbol of courage and the symbol of summer. Filial piety; known to take care of its elderly disabled parents Crows, both in black or white-necked, are found in large numbers in China.

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None Please refer to our Gemstone Glossary for details of gemmology-related terms. Related or Similar Gemstones Back to Top Green Jadeite Chloromelanite, also known as jade albite or ” maw-sit-sit “, the name given to it after the village where it was discovered in Burma, is closely related to jade, as is jade omphacite.

Chloromelanite is made of a mineral called kosmochlor and it also contains some jadeite. Other minerals that are associated with jade are serpentine, nepheline, calcite, quartz, aragonite, glaucophane and vesuvianite. Serpentine looks similar to jade, but serpentine is softer, less dense and feels greasy to the touch. Jade can be mistaken for heat-treated agalmatolite and actinolite, which have different chemical compositions to jade. Jade should not be confused with aventurine , which is misleadingly sold as “Indian jade”.

Chrysoprase is also passed off as “Australian jade”, but has a lower density than jade and forms as trigonal crystals, whereas jade crystals are monoclinic. Amazonite , can be mistaken for jade, but it has a lower density than jade. Californite is sometimes falsely referred to as “California jade”, but as a form of idocrase , it has a tetragonal crystal system, which sets it apart from the monoclinic jade.

Hydrogrossular garnet can be mistaken for jade, but it can be distinguished by its cubic crystal system, which differs from the monoclinic crystal system of jade.

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Like its predecessor the Pleistocene, the Holocene epoch is a geological period, and its name derives from the Greek words “holos”, whole or entire and “kainos”, new , meaning “entirely recent”. It is divided into 4 overlapping periods: Prehistoric Culture The longest phase of Stone Age culture – known as the Paleolithic period – is a hunter-gatherer culture which is usually divided into three parts: After this comes a transitional phase called the Mesolithic period sometimes known as epipaleolithic , ending with the spread of agriculture, followed by the Neolithic period the New Stone Age which witnessed the establishment of permanent settlements.

The Stone Age ends as stone tools become superceded by the new products of bronze and iron metallurgy, and is followed by the Bronze Age and Iron Age.

Jade Face Masks. Another type of artifact is much smaller; hardstone carvings in jade of a face in a mask form. Curators and scholars refer to “Olmec-style” face masks as despite being Olmec in style, to date no example has been recovered in a archaeologically controlled Olmec context.

Banpo pottery symbols Jiangzhai pottery symbols Another group of early symbols, which many have compared to Chinese characters, are the Banpo symbols from sites like Banpo , just east of Xi’an in Shaanxi dating from the 5th millennium BCE , [e] and nearby, at Jiangzhai, in Lintong District , from the early 4th millennium BCE. As the Banpo symbols were discovered fairly early —57 [12] and are relatively numerous with 22 different symbols on sherds , [13] these have been the focus of the most attention.

Some scholars have concluded that they are meaningful symbols like clan emblems or signatures which have some of the quality of writing, perhaps being primitive characters, [14] while others have concluded based on comparisons to oracle bone script that some of them are numerals. This is because all the Banpo-type symbols occur singly, [22] [23] on pottery and pottery fragments, unlike written words, which tend to occur in strings representing language.

Thus, there is no context from which to conclude that the symbols are actually being used to represent language. Thus, leading scholar Qiu Xigui argues that: What these symbols represent definitely cannot be a fully formed system of writing; this much is quite clear. Is there any possibility that they are primitive writing? Most likely there is not. We simply possess no basis for saying that they were already being used to record language. Nor viewed from the standpoint of the symbols of this same type that continued to be used following the creation of Chinese script do they even resemble script.

Archaic jade carvings from the world’s greatest collections

He declared that although the Indians were descendants of Adam and Eve, and therefore human, their ancestors were Babylonians who had been expelled from the Old World on account of their sins. God had apparently lost sight of them, and somehow they had managed to survive the flood. The theory of the peopling of the Americas that became scientific orthodoxy in the mid th century is no less fabulous:

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One theory even says that seven deaths need to take place before the island will give up its treasure. Join in on this epic whirlwind of adventure and mystery to find out what happens. There, a treasure was said to be hidden deep underground. For the rest of his life, he dreamt of one thing: A Treasure Hunt The year before, year-old Rick Lagina had already gone on his first-ever treasure hunt. He was a natural explorer.

His first expedition was in his hometown of Kingsford, Michigan. There, he discovered a huge granite rock and became determined to move it and find out what was underneath.

Diamonds are forever… But Jade is for Eternity